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Sunday, November 11

  1. page Sartre supplementary edited ... [[rss url="http://www.delicious.com/v2/rss/j_barfield/sartre" link="true" …
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    [[rss url="http://www.delicious.com/v2/rss/j_barfield/sartre" link="true" number="10"]]
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    solution succeed? (we need(need to define
    ...
    problem first!)
    Starting point
    Sartre’s solution
    abandonment,

    Problem: abandonment,
    death of God
    anguish; despair
    nihilism
    accept responsibility for your choices
    existence precedes essence
    authenticity
    ¬
    God, no objective ethics
    (failure
    values/ purpose, nihilism
    Sartre’s solution: authenticity (failure
    = bad faith)faith); accept existence precedes your essence; accept abandonment/ no objective ethics; anguish; accept responsibility for your choices; despair
    Evaluation
    is there really no human nature?
    might
    Sartre accepts that my facticity shapes or frames my situation but I then always have a free choice within that situation [Simone de Beauvoir: “situated freedom”].
    however, might my facticity (my
    biology, my experiences, my society/environment, my situation (my facticity)situation) shape me
    ...
    at least biologymy facticity (biology and society (my facticity)society) restricts my
    why should what I do be universalisable? does your choice really commit all mankind?
    isn’t there a richness in diversity? would we want everyone to do the same?
    does it not make sense for me to have moral values that I fail to live up to? so I want to be a hero, but fail to meet the standards that I choose and would want others to adhere to too (perhaps hypocritically)?
    ...
    do in amy situation, how relative and how universal is this?specific or general should “my situation” be construed? (you could presumably make different choices if universalising a very narrow understanding of “my situation” c.f. a wider one)
    what is
    ...
    effectively in societysociety. ignorant but comfortable and happy – happy pigs. is authenticity really that great?
    given that
    ...
    base ethics? is it even a clear enough distinction when viewing your own actions from a first-person subjective perspective?
    if the
    ...
    really unpalatable, how is Sartre’s
    ...
    a choice of any use to me?
    isn’t existentialism compatible with doing wrong/evil?

    is the striving, the journey,my creating subjective values sufficient compensation
    ...
    enough answer?
    isn’t
    isn’t existentialism just
    ...
    all bluster?
    subjective meaning doesn’t help overcome lack of objective meaning. nihilist: existentialists are in denial; there is no point!
    isn’t existentialism essentially arrogant and self-centred? elevating yourself to the sole arbiter of (albeit subjective) value?
    how can you break out of ethical systems that currently exist? you are either going along or doing opposite. however, you can still take responsibility and live authentically even if the values you hold are similar to others’ so maybe this isn’t such a problem.
    is Sartre a free-rider? you doing what you like and creating your own vision of humanity is predicated on other people not doing likewise, otherwise society would be in chaos – Sartre optimistic that everyone creating subjective values wouldn’t mean all-out conflict and violence
    how can we judge others (given that no objective values)? if acting authentically, I judge others implicitly as I am creating my vision of how humanity should be, in that I am rejecting all alternative visions of humanity. I can also judge others objectively as inauthentic if inconsistent, lacking integrity etc.
    is Sartre proposing that authenticity is objectively/intrinsically valuable? if so, self-contradictory! maybe just a suggestion as to how one might choose to live.
    Sartre’s ethics seems to permit (what we would surely think of as) very undesirable behaviour – e.g. authentic mass murderers – Goetz in Lucifer and the Lord, Anders Breivik in 2011. We can’t judge this behaviour as objectively wrong - \ existentialism unsatisfactory?
    Sartre has two options: accuse Anders Breivik of being un salaud for arrogance, thinking the world revolves around him, that he is a destiny, not accepting existence precedes essence (this would be a fudge though, surely?); or biting the bullet and accepting that we can only judge him and his behaviour subjectively as failing to conform to my vision of how humanity should be (which seems a bit weak)

    (view changes)
    7:36 am
  2. page Sartre commentary edited ... absolute/universal character of free choice/commitment, but relativity of a culture/era p.44 …
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    absolute/universal character of free choice/commitment, but relativity of a culture/era
    p.44
    ...
    you like. (accusation of lack of seriousness)
    I cannot avoid choosing, but not flippant, changing your mind on a whim – gravity, seriousness – I choose an attitude to a situation, commit myself, and \ commit humanity (my vision as to how human beings should be)
    p.45
    ...
    obj: You cannot judge others because anyone’s values are equally valid.
    we do judge others when choosing ourselves, and when so choosing in the presence of others (\ declaring how I think all humans should be – and implicitly passing judgement on those who act differently) – in saying freedom is important for me, I am saying it is important for all
    ...
    bad faith – making an “error”, in that they lack consistency
    bad faith = not accepting your own responsibility for your actions and yourself; making excuses, blaming other factors that made it inevitable/determined, saying/believing you had no choice
    ...
    want to! if you realised you lacked integrity, you wouldn’t want to.
    p.49
    authenticity – you are acting authentically if you acknowledge that existence precedes essence, that you are entirely responsible for your actions and yourself (and \ are continually creating who you are) and in so committing you are choosing for others; continually choosing responses that affirm freedom and responsibility rather than responses that signify a flight from freedom and responsibility i.e. bad faith
    ...
    cowards + scum are both inauthentic/ act inauthentically
    [authentic/inauthentic can be seen as Sartre’s new moral framework, replacing good/evil]
    p.53p.50-51
    2 literary examples, both of a woman in love: in one, she loves so much she lets her lover go; in the second, she loves so much she splits the couple up – this shows how two contradictory actions can both be authentic in their own way (in that about integrity, internal consistency, committing to a path)
    [c.f. examples of waiter and ‘flirt’ where it could be difficult for us, as an third-person observer, to determine whether they are acting authentically or in bad faith – a given action can be authentic or inauthentic depending on the individual’s first-person mental state, internal consistency]
    p.52-53

    existentialism is a humanism, not because man is treated as some supreme value, but because man is abandoned, no legislator other than himself, so must make his own choices to realize himself as fully human – so nothing other than man
    consequences of atheism – what is left after the death[/silence] of God
    (view changes)
    6:36 am
  3. page Camus edited Tweet This is a summary/commentary on Camus's Myth of Sisyphus [I only bother with the sections …
    Tweet
    This is a summary/commentary on Camus's Myth of Sisyphus [I only bother with the sections "An Absurd Reasoning", which is substantial, and "The Myth of Sisyphus" which is very short]:
    ...
    is the philosophical problem of
    not really, should we kill ourselves? not really about suicide(!)
    ...
    Camus, the fundamental ethical question)
    Camus: other philosophical problems are nothing like as important
    abandonment; alienation; absurdity Þ no point?
    What is the “feeling of absurdity”?
    ...
    anxiety, stress, panic, terror when
    feeling that tasks/life are futile, pointless – depression, panic?
    ...
    e.g. by getting drunk or finding distraction or going back
    What is “Absurdity”/ “The Absurd”? – examples + definition
    monotony, mechanical, tedium of working life
    ...
    alienation from other people, “the Other”
    suffering
    deathdeath; awareness of mortality; pointlessness of acquiring knowledge, wealth, completing projects given that we will die
    the absurd = the dissonance between
    a confrontation, a divorce – between my desire and the world, between a man and his life, the actor and his setting
    ...
    the comparison/ confrontation/ clash
    absurdity is key/definitive to the human condition
    What solution does Camus offer to the absurd?
    passionateCamus rejects “solutions” that would evade conscious revolt, keeping awareness of the absurd at the forefront of our minds, your fighting back gives life its value, accepts but not resigning to unyielding evidence of a life without consolation, perpetual opposition – accepting fully that there is no meaning Þ better life (!)
    the
    and conscious revolt give life value. “To a man devoid of blinkers, there is no finer sight than that ofas being in denial (e.g. killing yourself; suppressing the intelligence at grips with a reality that transcends it.” realise it’s all on me
    realises the Absurd and yet strikes forth
    tension between you and the Absurd
    although life’s struggle has no ultimate purpose and we all die, a person can still create a sense of purpose through the struggle itself and how he plays life’s game [is this enough?]
    Camus rejects
    feeling; Christian solution; Buddhist solution)
    [Christian
    solution – it denies= eludes the absurd
    ...
    making God and eternal life and ‘cosmic justice’ and Christian
    a “panic response” to the absurd Þ belief in transcendent God – an ‘impossible’ solution, given that we have exhausted all possible solutions
    c.f. BuddhistBuddhist solution
    dissonance
    = dissonance solved by
    ...
    side – should Camus rejectalso rejects this (as being in denial about your true situation and not revolting against the absurd)? or accept it, in thatabsurd). it seems like a viable solution though and does seem to fit Sisyphus neatly?
    freedom
    in one sense,
    analogy neatly]
    solution = revolt, freedom, passion
    passionate (free) conscious revolt, keeping awareness of
    the absurd and death seemat the forefront of our minds, your fighting back gives life its value, accepts but not resigning to ↓ freedom,unyielding evidence of a life without consolation, perpetual opposition – accepting fully that there is no meaning, living without appeal Þ better life (!)
    we might feel that the absurd and the fact we die diminishes our freedom
    because it’s all Þ nothing
    however,
    ultimately for nothing; however becoming aware of death and the absurd can be seen to ↑ freedom – if Ishould actually make us more free because we realise there is no future, then Inothing constraining us, we don’t needhave to be constrained/ pretend my jobthere is necessary etc., I don’t needa point to fit into someone else’s frameworkour job, society’s values etc.these things were illusions of freedom, but actually constraints – soyou can do what you like! truly free from conventional morality and ethics; freedom
    the revolt give life value. “To a man devoid of blinkers, there is no finer sight than that of the intelligence at grips with a reality that transcends it.”
    although life’s struggle
    has no meaning except in relation toultimate purpose and we all die, a limited fateperson can still create a sense of purpose through the struggle itself and how he plays life’s game [is this enough?]
    contrary of renunciation – not best living, more living – greater variety of experiences – become conscious of your experiences

    How does the Sisyphus example work?
    conscious revolt
    more freedom? (doesn’t have death, nor option to ‘opt out’ – but maybe…)
    c.f. Buddhist solutionsolution, rejected by Camus
    [c.f. Christian solution, Sartre’s solution?]
    Do we agree with Camus? Is Camus right?
    general feeling – right diagnosis,right diagnosis; failed prescription ?
    how does
    ...
    overcome it? this “raging against the dying of the light” solution seems pretty futile
    taking pleasure or solace from little tasks – how is this ultimately meaningful? or even an achievement? verging on denial
    Plus, criticism similar to Sartre – if I am distraught by the lack of an objective absolute foundation for my ethics (i.e. God) – Death of God or abandonment – I may not find a purported solution which involves my creating my own “make-it-up-yourself” subjective ethic desperately satisfactory – I was upset by the lack of objective justification and I still don’t have one!
    ...
    No
    Yes
    woolly? rambling? a bit
    Camus proposes an ethical thesis (in broad sense of how we should live)
    rubbish ethical thesis?
    (view changes)
    6:27 am

Wednesday, May 2

  1. page home edited ... I have selected some interesting (and searchable) web articles on Philosophy here. And there …
    ...
    I have selected some interesting (and searchable) web articles on Philosophy here.
    And there is a more thought-through reading list for those thinking of applying for undergraduate Philosophy here.
    Alternatively, if Theology is more your thing, then go here for a reading list and here for some web articles.
    You can find out more about me here.
    The summaries, commentaries and notes I have uploaded below can be edited and added to by anyone - all users of this website can make changes. Do edit a page or add links or videos or other media if you have ideas to contribute. My hope is that the "wisdom of crowds" will help to make this a really interesting and useful resource for assisting with the study of these texts and topics. Do use the discussion boards (links at the top of each page) to discuss particular topics, and get in touch if you have any suggestions!
    (view changes)
    4:00 am

Saturday, April 28

  1. 7:18 am
  2. 7:10 am
  3. page home edited Tweet = {idea_bulb.jpg} = {idea_bulb.jpg} This wikisite is intended primarily to help …

    Tweet
    = {idea_bulb.jpg}
    =
    {idea_bulb.jpg}
    This wikisite is intended primarily to help Sixth Formers and undergraduates, and others who are interested, get to grips with some of the more challenging texts used in Sixth Form Philosophy syllabi.
    There are also plenty of links to extension reading and other resources to hopefully help develop your wider interest in Philosophy.
    (view changes)
    7:09 am
  4. page home edited Tweet Welcome to Mr Barfield's wiki site. This website = {idea_bulb.jpg} = This wikisi…

    Tweet
    Welcome to Mr Barfield's wiki site.
    This website
    = {idea_bulb.jpg}
    =
    This wikisite
    is intended primarily to
    There are also plenty of links to extension reading and other resources to hopefully help develop your wider interest in Philosophy.
    I have selected some interesting (and searchable) web articles on Philosophy here.
    (view changes)
    7:09 am
  5. file idea_bulb.jpg uploaded
    7:07 am

Sunday, April 22

  1. page aboutme edited {Judging_smaller.jpg} Tweet Jonathan Barfield Hi - my name is Jonathan Barfield and I am …
    {Judging_smaller.jpg}
    Tweet
    Jonathan BarfieldHi - my name is Jonathan Barfield and I am a teacher
    ...
    Croydon, UK.
    Jonathan teaches

    I teach
    Philosophy, Religious
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    of Knowledge. He hasI have experience of
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    Diploma Programme. He isI am an accredited
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    education and hashave a particular
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    more widely.
    Jonathan

    I
    also likeslike rugby, cows,
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    and opera.
    Do contact me via Twitter if you might be interested in INSET or training in the use of thinking tools or social media in education, or on developing strategy and pedagogy in Philosophy, Citizenship or Religious Studies. I also offer private tuition in A-Level Religious Studies and IB Diploma Philosophy.

    You can follow Jonathanme elsewhere on
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    (view changes)
    11:09 am

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